While quotations are common and often effective in research papers, use them selectively. Quote only words, phrases, lines, and passages that are particularly interesting, vivid, unusual, or apt, and keep all quotations as brief as possible. Overquotation can bore your readers and might lead them to conclude that you are. Often, the hardest words to write in an essay are the opening ones. When you’re doing the first draft, I’d suggest just writing your way through the introduction without worrying too much – you’ll want to come back to it when you’ve got the body and the conclusion of your essay firmly decided upon. But when you’re revising your essay, you should concentrate on making the opening paragraph as strong as possible – the person marking it will inevitably start forming an opinion of your essay’s worth within the first few words. If you want to go beyond the standard, rather bland, introduction of “In this essay, I am going to…” you might want to try out some of these openings for your essay: My favourite way to start off an essay is with a pithy quote. I don’t recommend picking one of the hilarious quotes listed on your Facebook profile, though; instead, try to find something as relevant as possible.
Use double quotation marks to set off a direct word-for-word quotation. Correct "I hope you will be here," he said. Incorrect He said that he "hoped I would be there." The quotation marks are incorrect because hoped I would be there does not state the speaker's exact words. Rule 2a. Always capitalize the first word in a. For example: According to the report from World Health Statistics (2006), "five children experience extreme malnutrition in communities under severe poverty" (p. For example: In fact, "five children experience extreme malnutrition in communities under severe poverty" (World Health Statistics, 2006, p. If the title of the source is already mentioned in the same sentence where the quoted passage is placed, place the year of publication of the source beside it in parentheses and place the page number in parentheses at the end of the quote. In this case, place the title of the source in place of the author's surname. For example, In fact, "two out of every ten smokers suffer from lung cancer" (Stevens, 2005, p. For example: According to John Stevens (2005), "two out of every ten smokers suffer from lung cancer" (p. Another exception is when the source of your quoted passage does not have an author. Also, include the year of publication of the source in parentheses after the author's name and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end of the quote. If, for instance, the full name of the author is already introduced in the sentence where the same quote appears, there is no need to include the author's surname in the parentheses.
HOW TO USE QUOTES IN A RESEARCH PAPER See section on rules for parenthetical references in this book. Identifying Sources in the Body of Your Paper Over the course of your academic career, there will be times when you are required to quote the words of others in your writing. Following the rules of properly integrating quotes into your paper is essential for the proper formatting of your writing and, subsequently, for the grade you get. The way you will format these quotes will depend largely on the length of the text that you are citing. Outlined below are a few of the most commonly followed guidelines for including direct quotes into your own work. As a way of practice, MLA guidelines dictate that all pages should be double spaced. A short quote is defined as having four or fewer typed lines, citing this type of quote is easy. Simply enclose the entire quote with double quotation marks and include the name of the original author and page reference information somewhere in the text. Remember to include the relevant citation information in your Works Cited page.
The MLA Modern Language Association style of writing requires you to cite the name of the author and the page number when citing quotes in essays. If you're citing poetry, then you'll have to cite the lines of poetry instead of page numbers. Unlike in APA style, you do not. Each body paragraph contains one main idea, backed up by textual evidence and your own analysis. Your analysis should make up the majority of your paragraph. Remember that (unless your teacher specifically says so), there’s nothing magic about having three body paragraphs. The topic sentences of your body paragraphs should be determined by how you grouped your notes when you were outlining. With your outline in hand, it’s time to draft your essay. When choosing quotes to put in your final paper, keep in mind that some information works better in quote form and some is better as an indirect quote (paraphrased). The best quotes contain analysis, opinion, or interpretation. Take the following example: According to the CIA Factbook, “all of China falls within one time zone” (CIA Factbook). When quoting directly from a source, be sure that the quote is interesting. Take the following example: According to Lina Song, a professor of economic sociology and social policy at the University of Nottingham, “Local government debt in China is a time bomb waiting to go off” (A Time Bomb, NY Times). In China, local government debt has swelled to 14 trillion yuan (People’s Bank of China).
How much should I quote? The focus of your essay should be on your understanding of the topic. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds The language of the passage is particularly. As you identify and evaluate research sources, you must make accurate notes of information you think might be useful in your essay. There are many ways to take notes—from jotting down single words or phrases to photocopying entire articles. (For instruction on note-taking, see “Taking Good Research Notes” in on this Web Site.) There are three ways of incorporating source information into your own writing: summary, paraphrase, and direct quotation. When you summarize or paraphrase, you restate in your own words the idea(s) of another speaker or writer. When you quote, you reproduce the exact words of another speaker or writer. Of the three ways to introduce ideas from a source into your research papers for college and university, direct quotation is the one you should use least—except for literary essays (see on this Web site). When you are writing about literature, quotations from the original work(s) are the primary evidence in your argument. Literary essays can also rely on quotations from secondary sources (critics).
Example Thoreau ends his essay with a metaphor "Time is but the stream I go a-fishing in." This is an easy rule to remember if you use a complete sentence to introduce a quotation, you need a colon after the sentence. Be careful not to confuse a colon with a semicolon ;. Using a comma in this situation will most likely. Quoting is using the actual words that someone else said or wrote. Paraphrasing is putting what someone wrote into your own words. Summarizing is telling the main ideas that someone wrote, but not all the details. Using the ideas from other people can help you show people that your ideas are valid. Quotes, paraphrases, and summaries can give you evidence, reasons and examples to prove your own points. Remember that your ideas need to be in your own words and that you use research as support. Topic sentences and thesis sentences should always be in your own words and not ideas borrowed from someone else. Internet Writing: When you are writing on the web, you can mention the name of the source at the beginning of your quote, paraphrase or summary and then provide a link.
Use quotations at strategically selected moments. You have. And quotations are only one type of evidence well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics. For example, suppose you were writing an essay about the differences between the lives of male and female slaves in the U. S. South. Quote for acknowledgement, illustration, proof, support, or your reader's convenience, but do not quote more than you need for your purpose. You should not scatter quotations at random through your paper in the hope that it will look better: introduce each quotation with a sentence or phrase showing its context and function, and follow each with some discussion. In general, the longer your quotation, the more you must say about it to show what function it has in your essay. That is why you should usually avoid ending a paragraph with a long quotation. , acknowledges the alienation of being a child as she watches her father pack: "I, being only eleven, seem to be on the outside" (Takashima 5).
Some writers find it useful to put a quote at the beginning of the introductory paragraph. This is often an effective way of getting the attention of your reader “Thomas Jefferson's statement in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal” seems contrary to the way he actually lived his life, bringing into. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds: Condition 3 is especially useful in essays for literature courses. If an argument or a factual account from one of your sources is particularly relevant to your paper but does not deserve to be quoted verbatim, consider Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation. The same is true of writing in those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled studies and emphasize quantifiable results. (Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach.) Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary.
Quotations that are longer than four lines of prose or three lines of poetry are formatted as "block" quotes. Use a. "How to Write a Quote in an Essay" accessed. The rules set forth in this section are customary in the United States. Great Britain and other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations are governed by quite different conventions. Nowhere is this more apparent than in Rule 4 in this section, a rule that has the advantage of being far simpler than Britain's and the disadvantage of being far less logical. Quotation marks are used for components, such as chapter titles in a book, individual episodes of a TV series, songs from a Broadway show or a music album, titles of articles or essays in print or online, and shorter works such as short stories and poems. It is customary in American publishing to put the title of an entire composition in italics.
Mar 3, 2015. However, I also speak French, and I read an article in French that I want to cite in my paper. I translated a quotation from the article from French into English. How do I format my translation of the quotation? Do I use quotation marks around it? Do I have to use the words “my translation” in there somewhere? A quotation is an exact reproduction of another speaker's or writer’s words. A quotation is different from a paraphrase, which is a restatement of someone else’s ideas entirely in your own words. Quotation and paraphrase, along with summary (which is a brief restatement of the main points of a longer work), are three ways of incorporating information from other sources into your own writing. In most writing, you should use quotations for one or more of the following specific purposes: Use quotation to reproduce distinctive, admirable, or felicitous phrasing--that is, when a paraphrase would be an inadequate representation. The ultimate test of whether a quotation is necessary or not is this question: does it help support your thesis?
How to Use Quotes in an Essay "Quotations" are funny little things. People like to use them to start essays, in the body of essays, and at the end of essays. In his own comments on ‘Ulysses’ Tennyson remarked that it was written soon after Arthur Hallam’s death and expressed “my feeling about the need of going forward, and braving the struggle of life perhaps more simply than anything in ‘In Memoriam'”.developed the dramatic monologue as a means of standing outside the Romantic self and objectifying it. They rejected the passionate exploration and total immersion in the self that dominates the work of Keats and Shelley, and created characters and personae who were placed in poems made from dramatic speech. These longer quotations are referred to as ‘display’ quotations because they are set apart from the rest of the text. It is not enough simply to use quotations in your essay. All this does is show that you have found something in a book. The important thing is to engage with the quotations you use. You can do this by framing them with an introductory sentence before a quotation and a sentence or two of commentary after the quotation. For example: Many critics have written about Tennyson and Browning’s use of dramatic monologue and impersonality.
MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited. Writing a research paper is an important skill you need to learn. In order to do a paper properly you need to keep a few things in mind which will be outlined below. The most important thing is to be complete, be consistent and be thorough. Before we begin, keep the following terms in mind: Plagiarism: This is what you want to avoid. Plagiarism means using someone else's work and claiming it as your own. Plagiarism can occur on purpose as well as by accident, either way it is wrong and must be avoided. If you plagiarize by accident the same penalties apply. After the paper is written and the sources have been cited then we must create a works cited page. If the proper format for citing sources and the works cited page is followed then plagiarism can be avoided. Citing Sources: Most high schools use the MLA (Modern Language Association) format. Check with your teacher to see if this format is acceptable in your school.