English grammar lesson online. Learn how to use reported speech indirect speech Could you repeat, please, what this girl just said? Would you be so kind to report my speech to this boy? Tell him that it was me who asked him about this favor! None of us is able to avoid such phrases in his life and, in fact, it is unnecessary to do this. The productive life and sound intercommunication is impossible without using reported speech. What should you start with to become a pro in transforming a direct speech into a reported one? A lot of students are afraid of trying themselves in reporting the speech of the other people and prefer to keep silent rather than to practice a language.
Does the comma go inside speech marks? Do you use single ‘. The answers are all in our guide to punctuation in direct speech. Reported speech. For example, “My mother said that she loved me.” This communicates what your mother said at some point in the past. But if someone gives you an order in the imperative, like “Do your homework”, how can you report this? Or what if someone asks you, “Are you from around here? In this essential lesson, I will teach you three grammar rules on how to report speech when you receive an order, instructions, or are asked a yes/no question.
Tips and ideas from Kerry Maxwell and Lindsay Clandfield on teaching reported speech. He said he was hungry. She said she would come. vs She said she will come. See the section on tense choices in reported and reporting clauses for further examples that you could use and explanation of the differences in meaning. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts. In grammar, indirect speech often makes use of certain syntactic structures such as content clauses ("that" clauses, such as (that) he was coming), and sometimes infinitive phrases. References to questions in indirect speech frequently take the form of interrogative content clauses, also called indirect questions (such as whether he was coming).
We use reported speech when we want to repeat what someone had previously said. Let's look at the difference between direct speech and reported speech In academic writing (and to a lesser extent, academic speaking) it will often be necessary to refer to the research of others and to report on their findings. In order to do so, we have to use reporting verbs such as 'Evans (1994) suggests that....'; 'Brown (2001) argues that....'. The difficulty with using reporting verbs is that there are many different verbs, and each of them has slightly different, and often subtle shades of meaning. Using the correct words relies, as much as anything, on making the correct interpretation of what the writer you are studying is saying. What are the different reporting verbs that can be used? What are some of the main language points that need to be considered when using reporting verbs? Example 1: reporting verbs in an extract of academic writing Reporting verbs differ in terms of their strength; for example, 'to suggest' is much weaker, and more tentative, than 'to argue'. The two verbs convey very different pictures about how the author you are studying sees his or her materials and research. Some reporting verbs are used principally to say what the writer does and does not do. These verbs do not indicate any value judgement on the part of the writer; they are called 'neutral' reporting verbs. A second group of verbs is used to show when the writer has an inclination to believe something but still wishes to be hesitant; we call these 'tentative' reporting verbs.
Feb 1, 2018. We often need to tell others what someone else said. There are two ways to do this. One is to say the same words and use quotation marks. That is "direct speech." The other method is to summarize, or tell about what someone said. This is called "reported speech." Before we get into the rules for reporting. Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.
Reported Speech. Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. Click here to download this explanation in PDF. Reported Statements. When do we use reported speech? Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say. There are two main types of reported speech: direct speech and indirect speech. Direct speech repeats the exact words the person used, or how we remember their words: In this example, I becomes she and the verb tense reflects the fact that time has passed since the words were spoken: didn’t realise becomes hadn’t realised. Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words: Speech reports consist of two parts: the reporting clause and the reported clause. The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout, usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said. In direct speech we usually put a comma between the reporting clause and the reported clause. The words of the original speaker are enclosed in inverted commas, either single (‘…’) or double (“…”). If the reported clause comes first, we put the comma inside the inverted commas: In indirect speech it is more common for the reporting clause to come first.
For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said that he was coming is indirect speech. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts. In grammar, indirect speech often makes use of certain syntactic structures such as content clauses "that" clauses, such as that he was coming. Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Indirect reports of yes-no questions and questions with or consist of a reporting clause and a reported clause introduced by if or whether. The reported clause is in statement form (subject verb), not question form: We can use the reporting verb in the present simple in indirect speech if the original words are still true or relevant at the time of reporting, or if the report is of something someone often says or repeats: In indirect speech, we can use the past continuous form of the reporting verb (usually say or tell). This happens mostly in conversation, when the speaker wants to focus on the content of the report, usually because it is interesting news or important information, or because it is a new topic in the conversation: In these examples, the present (am) has become the past (was), the future (will) has become the future-in-the-past (would) and the past (happened) has become the past perfect (had happened). We don’t need to change the tense in indirect speech if what a person said is still true or relevant or has not happened yet. This often happens when someone talks about the future, or when someone uses the present simple, present continuous or present perfect in their original words: We often change demonstratives (this, that) and adverbs of time and place (now, here, today, etc.) because indirect speech happens at a later time than the original speech, and perhaps in a different place.
Quotations indirect reported speech. Another way of reproducing someone else's words without repeating them exactly is through indirect or reported speech. In indirect speech, no quotation marks are used. Instead, the quotation is introduced with the word that. By using a reporting verb said, stated, exclaimed, declared. Free indirect speech is a style of third-person narration which uses some of the characteristics of third-person along with the essence of first-person direct speech; it is also referred to as free indirect discourse, free indirect style, or, in French, discours indirect libre. Free indirect discourse can be described as a "technique of presenting a character's voice partly mediated by the voice of the author" (or, reversing the emphasis, "that the character speaks through the voice of the narrator") with the voices effectively merged. This effect is partially accomplished by eliding direct speech attributions, such as "he said" or "she said". The following is an example of sentences using direct, indirect and free indirect speech: Randall Stevenson suggests that the term free indirect discourse "is perhaps best reserved for instances where words have actually been spoken aloud" and that cases "where a character's voice is probably the silent inward one of thought" should be described as free indirect style. What distinguishes free indirect speech from normal indirect speech is the lack of an introductory expression such as "He said" or "he thought".
Fill in the blanks. This grammar exercise tests your ability to use reported speech correctly. Answers 1. He asked me what I was doing. 2. Bear in mind that minutes are a record of what was said at some point in the past. Therefore indirect (reported) speech is called for. This involves placing verbs in a past or conditional tense, if they express statements by persons at the meeting (, in point 5 of the model minutes). In this example there is no specific source for the statement, other than the minute-writer. See 8.04 Indirect (reported) speech for more information on indirect speech.
In writing, particularly in fiction writing, it is common to use direct speech She asked me "Have you ever ridden a horse?" Please note, however, that direct speech is most unusual in spoken language. Reported speech can also include thoughts or words that are the reporter's summary of what was said. Here are some. Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. Let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa. You can answer the question Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (" ") and there is no change in these words. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation.
Guide to using reported speech in English including detailed information on sentence transformation through changing tense, use of reporting verbs and the change of. Tired.' In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. As you can see, in the above sentence 'am' changes to 'was' when we use reported speech. Here are some of the important verb changes we use when making reported speech: Direct John: 'I am going.' Reported: 'John said that he was going.' Direct John: 'She is tall.' Reported: 'John said that she was tall.' Direct John: 'I always do my homework.' Reported: 'John said that he always did his homework.' Direct John: 'My mother does the cleaning.' Reported: 'John said that his mother did the cleaning.' Direct John: 'I have your number.' Reported: 'John said that he had my number.' Direct John: 'He has caught a cold.' Reported: 'John said that he had caught a cold.' Direct John: 'I go shopping on Sunday.' Reported: 'John said that he went shopping on Sunday.' Direct John: 'I will call Frank.' Reported: 'John said that he would call Frank.' Direct John: 'I can ride a horse.' Reported: 'John said that he could ride a horse.' Direct John: 'I want a girlfriend.' Reported: 'John said that he wanted a girlfriend.' When direct speech uses the (wh- word) or if / whether. Take a look at the examples: Direct John: 'What is your name? ' Reported: 'John asked me what my name was.' Direct John: 'Where does she live? ' Reported: 'John asked me where she lived.' Direct John: 'Does he play golf?
When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past. The dentist suggested that I should get a new toothbrush. He asked me what he had done to deserve such a cruel punishment. He explained how to solve / I should solve the problem.
Oct 5, 2017. Indirect speech is also known as Reported Speech, Indirect Narration or Indirect Discourse. In grammar, when you report someone else's statement in your own words without any change in the meaning of the statement is called indirect speech. Quoting a person's words without using his own word and. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts. In grammar, indirect speech often makes use of certain syntactic structures such as content clauses ("that" clauses, such as (that) he was coming), and sometimes infinitive phrases. References to questions in indirect speech frequently take the form of interrogative content clauses, also called indirect questions (such as whether he was coming). In indirect speech certain grammatical categories are changed relative to the words of the original sentence. For example, person may change as a result of a change of speaker or listener (as I changes to he in the example above). In some languages, including English, the tense of verbs is often changed – this is often called sequence of tenses.
How are quoted speech and reported speech different? There are 5 things that are different Quoted speech has quotation marks; reported speech does not use quotation marks. In reported speech, the pronoun often changes. For example, in the above sentence with quoted speech the pronoun I is used, whereas the. We are more concerned with the sense of the utterance than in the literal repetition of the words. The following guidelines will help you to refresh what you have studied about the transformation of sentences from Direct to Indirect Speech. : When the utterance of the speaker is a statement we use the reporting verbs - say, tell. In order to preserve the original tone of the speaker ‘say’ or ‘tell’ can be replaced with:- ). While changing such a question into reported form we do not use any conjunction. We simply invert the word order (Verb Subject is changed into Subject Verb).
Reported speech puts the speaker’s words or ideas into a sentence. The word order in a reported question is the same as in a. College Writing Center STLCC. Purdue University students, faculty, and staff at our West Lafayette, IN campus may access this area for information on the award-winning Purdue Writing Lab. This area includes Writing Lab hours, services, and contact information. Copyright © 1995-2016 by The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, the English Department, and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
Dec 19, 2017 How to Write a Speech. Thesis is the main point to emphasize. If you are writing a speech about an event in your life, what's your message? Are you ready to learn about French direct and indirect speech? Here in this lesson, the rules are simplified to make learning it a breeze for you. We will also try to inject as much funny comparisons and examples as possible to make this lesson light-hearted and fun. So sit back and let’s enjoy this short lesson, starting with this little gem from Henri le Chat Noir. Hello, the thoughtful-looking cat you’ll see below is Henri le chat noir. He is quite famous on the internet for being too French for his own good. The first one uses exactly the same words Henri said: verbatim and using quotes. Henri says, ““ …This is what direct speech looks like. In the second one, the speech was reported with no quotations, with the help of a subordinate clause. or Henri says that only an idiot would surrender his dignity to this folly. And that, ladies and gentlemen, is the direct and indirect speech for you. In French, it’s: Corey dit: “j’aime les hamburgers”.
To use reported speech effectively it is also important to know words used to introduce it. Such reporting verbs can be as simple as 'He said that' or 'Smith writes that', or can be more precise 'She concedes that ' or 'The study proposes that'. Reporting verbs are also very important in academic writing, particularly in. What ESL teachers usually do is simply have one student supply a statement or ask as question and then have another student report on what was said/asked. However, there are others ways to practice Reported Speech, more creative and engaging ways, which should prevent students from tuning out and help them tune into the lesson. Each of the activities suggested above should establish a situation, a context that should help your students see just how useful Reported Speech really is. If you have any activities that have worked for you, please share them below! Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire Busy Teacher Library. Includes the best of Busy Teacher: all 80 of our PDF e-books. That's 4,036 pages filled with thousands of practical activities and tips that you can start using today.
Aug 29, 2011 The Ten Rules of Quoted Speech Unlike other kinds of writing you might do for school. In indirect speech, the words are reported in a subordinate clause. Learn about reported speech to help you understand English grammar. Learn English at anglopod.com/Connect with me on social media: Facebook: facebook.com/anglopod Twitter: twitter.com/anglopod Google Plus: plus.google.com/ Anglopod Instagram: instagram.com/anglopod TRANSCRIPTIn this video we're going to look at what we call reported speech in English. Now reported speech is very useful in English because if we want to repeat what somebody has said we could use their exact words. But it might sound a bit strange if you just repeat everybody's words all the time. So we use reported speech to repeat what somebody has said but without repeating their exact words. This is very common in English, we use it when we're speaking and when we're writing, but obviously when we use reported speech the grammar of the sentence does change a little bit. So we'll look at some examples together, so we can see how to do it and then we'll do a quiz after to get you to practise and to see how much you have learnt.