All, pollution essay for 9th class youre writing your essay on electronic health records bbc bitesize ks2 english writing leaflets sample resume and cover. The latest craze among young boys and girls is to go to foreign countries. My ambition in life is not wealth, power or high social status. Some wish to become leaders of the country to gain honor. There an others who are mainly led by a spirit of adventure. Their aim in life is to earn a lot of money within a short period. I am too modest a young man to aim at any of these things. It is the service of the poor and the down-trodden. Ever since I attained adolescence, it has been my joy to help those who are in trouble. what a joy it is to me to find that I have been of service to some one. Many a time I have left my work at the weeping of the neighbors. To work for others gives me a sort of peace of mind.
Power of Media in Modern World The Writer got 68/100 Marks for writing this Essay in CSS 2009. Outline. The status of freedom of press in Pakistan. The authors conducted a survey of Pakistani journalists, members of the policy community and media academics. The results indicate that the mediatization is having a mixed effect on the stability of Pakistan’s democracy. The study shows that members of the policy community are more convinced of the impact of media on public policy than journalists, which supports other research. The more politicians believe in a stronger media effect, the more susceptible they become to media agenda setting, the authors write.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communicate and express through various mediums, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely. Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state;. Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. Democracy is a form of government in which people elect their representatives themselves and the representatives of the people form government and opposition. The state ensures equality and equity for all citizens irrespective of their caste, color, language and race. The government performs all duties, for the welfare of all the people and is accountable to people in the performance of obligations. The opinion of each citizen is respected and given due importance. Every citizen has a right to vote to his favorite candidate, to contest election, to join any party and form his own party.
Pakistani media came under increased political pressure in 2014 as part of a broader confrontation—peaking in September and finally ending in December—between the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and opposition protesters who reportedly enjoyed some support from the military. Two prominent journalists. Umar Cheema, a Pakistani journalist, wrote often about the military. Then one night masked men hauled him from his car and during six hours of torture, sexual humiliation, and threats, they made it clear that the reporting should stop. Cheema not only refused to stop writing, he went public with his ordeal. "I wanted to send a message that I had not cowed down," Cheema said of his response to the 2010 assault. "I did nothing wrong, and that kept me strong." The Committee to Protect Journalists awarded him its International Press Freedom Award in 2011.
REPORT. International Media Support. July 2009. Between radicalisation and democratisation in an unfolding conflict Media in Pakistan. Pakistan has a vibrant media landscape, which in spite of political pressure and direct bans that they. To a large extent the media enjoys freedom of expression in spite of political. KARACHI: The Institute of Business Management (Io BM), in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), released a study on Thursday analysing the Media Responsibility and Independence Index (MRII) in Pakistan. With the emergence of electronic media in the country, civil society and journalists have complained that media trespasses all ethical barriers in its rush to break news. The newly emerged breaking news culture in the last decade has forced the media professionals and academicians to debate on the subject in order to outline a charter or code of conduct to avoid sensationalism of news. While the journalists across the country often claim that the media does not enjoy its desired independence and liberty, the outcome of the study reveals otherwise. The study suggested the “concerned stakeholders” believe the media in Pakistan is relatively independent, but the degree of responsibility it demonstrates falls shorter of its claims.“MRII is a measure of two critical and interdependent variables: responsibility and independence,” said Io BM Media Studies Head of Department Ejaz Wasay. “It has been designed for a better understanding of the status of journalistic freedom in the country and media’s commitment towards the rights, liberty and welfare of citizens,” he added. The survey’s result, which comprised 399 respondents, was divided in five categories: media professionals (38 per cent), general public (22.6 per cent), educated youth (19.5 per cent), civil society (11.3 per cent) and political activists (7.8 per cent).“The research methodology and questionnaire were shared with the experts’ panel on the Pakistan Citizen Media Forum (PCMF), and comprised media professionals, representatives of the academia, civil society and All Pakistan Newspaper Society (APNS),” said Wasay. Traditional scale of 1-10 was used to estimate the “critical aspects” of media responsibility and media independence.
Mar 23, 2015. Admin, 1 Moreover, police had beaten journalists in Pakistan on Press Freedom day and while they were covering the arrival of Asif Ali Zardari. Admin, 1 Under these circumstances, no one will dare to stand against government. When true meanings of democracy have not been fulfilled by Pakistani. The Role of Freedom of press in post September 11 in Pakistan – Political Agenda Settings and War on Terror Freedom of press has always been a developmental issue and debate over the time, and from region to region, since the advent of a printing machine and its industry. Almost no one would have hypothesized at the time keeping in view, the evolution and development of technology and electronic media, which could further amplify the voice around the globe with just a tap on the screen, what wonders it can fulfill if handled or regulated rightly to spread the information to educate people and how much hazard and disaster it can create if handled wrongfully to spread the misinformation to manipulate groups of people and although regions to accomplish any personal goal at the dispense of majority of population. State of Pakistan has a turbulent history of the freedom of press since its birth as many dictators with the blend of some rich masters have ruled possessing personals objectives. Before the rapid expansion of electronic media there were few sources of information like print media and a state owned channel “PTV” which had always been exploited and used for setting personal political agendas to highlight the importance of issues which were only important for few individuals. September 11 was an important episode of our history which exposed our importance of position in the international arena. That position made the then military ruler Pervaiz Musharraf a key role player. He abruptly steered state’s policies toward unprecedented Islamic terrorism and war on terror along with the image building of Pakistan by some liberal measures in account of women rights, minority rights and freedom of expression. However those measures had outweighed by some irregular restrictions in other areas.
FREEDOM OF PRESS Freedom of press is. A free press means free people and freedom of speech and expression is. The press in Pakistan Pakistan’s human rights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country’s diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent Human Rights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights. In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human Rights Bill 2012 for the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. Read more: Current Situation of Pakistan Essay Political abuse of human rights:- Provincial and local governments have arrested journalists and closed newspapers that report on matters perceived as socially offensive or critical of the government. Journalists also have been victims of violence and intimidation by various groups and individuals.
Essay on freedom of press in pakistan, reading critical thinking rules for writing a college essay Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communicate and express through various mediums, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely. Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state; its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other legal protections. With respect to governmental information, any government may distinguish which materials are public or protected from disclosure to the public. State materials are protected due to either of two reasons: the classification of information as sensitive, classified or secret, or the relevance of the information to protecting the national interest. Many governments are also subject to sunshine laws or freedom of information legislation that are used to define the ambit of national interest. The United Nations' 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference, and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media regardless of frontiers". This philosophy is usually accompanied by legislation ensuring various degrees of freedom of scientific research (known as scientific freedom), publishing, and press. The depth to which these laws are entrenched in a country's legal system can go as far down as its constitution.
The Freedom Of Media Media Essay. Print Reference. Political decisions that made people of Pakistan prosper or suffer and to. In his press freedom index. The Pakistani Constitution limits Censorship in Pakistan, but allows "reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of Pakistan or public order or morality". Press freedom in Pakistan is limited by official censorship that restricts critical reporting and by the high level of violence against journalists. The armed forces, the judiciary, and religion are topics that frequently attract the government's attention. Hence, it has several pro-Muslim laws in its Constitution. Freedom House ranked Pakistan 134th out of 196 countries in its 2010 Freedom of the Press Survey. Pakistan's score was 61 on a scale from 1 (most free) to 100 (least free), which earned a status of "not free". Reporters Without Borders put Pakistan 151st out of the 178 countries ranked in its 2010 Press Freedom Index and named Pakistan as one of "ten countries where it is not good to be a journalist". in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Mexico, countries either openly at war or in a civil war or some other kind of internal conflict, we see a situation of permanent chaos and a culture of violence and impunity taking root in which the press has become a favorite target. These are among the most dangerous countries in the world, and the belligerents there pick directly on reporters .... In Afghanistan (147th) and in Pakistan (151st), Islamist groups bear much of the responsibility for their country’s pitifully low ranking.
The Radio. 23. Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation PBC. 23. “External” Competitors. 23. The Regulatory Framework. 25. The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority PEMRA. 26. A Media Liberalisation Drive. 27. Code of Conduct/Ethics. 28. Media Freedom. 30. The Media and its Relations with the Power Holders. Freedom of conscience, of education, of speech, of assembly, is among the very fundamentals of democracy and all of them will be nullified if the freedom of press be successfully challenged. (US president, Roosevelt) Media is regarded as the most powerful weapon of 21st century. It has the capability to convert day into night and night into day, a hero into a villain and a villain into hero. Media has brought revolutions in the world and has transformed the globe into a global village. It has virtually erased the geographical boundaries, removed the barriers of social, political and cultural differences and as a result this diversified world has been reduced to remote control. Media's role in education, awareness, opinion formation and entertainment is so diversified in its horizon and domain that one thing is clear and decided that the tides of media cannot be reversed, however, they may be altered in nature and composition. The status of freedom of press in Pakistan, ever since independence, has remained semi-independent, despite adequate safeguards and provisions promised by the constitution. It shall, however, be subjected to any reasonable restrictions imposed by the law, in the interest of glory of Islam, of the integrity, security and defense of Pakistan or any part of it, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency and morality or in relation to contempt of court or commission or incitement to an offence. (Article 19 of the constitution, 1973) Freedom of press literally means the freedom of expression i.e. It also ensures the liberty to think and act without any restrictions and pressures. A free press and electronic media is an essential attribute of democratic polity as both work hand in glove with each other.
Freedom of the press in Sri Lanka is guaranteed by Article 141a of the Constitution of Sri Lanka which gives every citizen "the freedom of speech and expression including publication". Despite this there is widespread suppression of the media, particularly those critical of the government. Sri Lanka is ranked 165 out of. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Through speech a human being conveys his thoughts, sentiments and feeling to others. Freedom of speech and expression is thus a natural right, which a human being acquires on birth. "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; the right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek and receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers" proclaims the Universal Declaration Of Human Rights (1948). The people of India declared in the Preamble of the Constitution, which they gave unto themselves their resolve to secure to all the citizens liberty of thought and expression. This resolve is reflected in Article 19(1) (a) which is one of the Articles found in Part III of the Constitution, which enumerates the Fundamental Rights. Man as rational being desires to do many things, but in a civil society his desires have to be controlled, regulated and reconciled with the exercise of similar desires by other individuals. The guarantee of each of the above right is, therefore, restricted by the Constitution in the larger interest of the community. The right to freedom of speech and expression is subject to limitations imposed under Article 19(2). Public order as a ground of imposing restrictions was added by the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951.