Full Length Research Paper. Water pollution Major issue in urban areas. Sajid Farid1*, Musa Kaleem Baloch1 and Syed Amjad Ahmad2. 1Department of Chemistry, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. 2NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research IEFR, Faisalabad Pakistan. Accepted 23 January, 2012. POLLUTION IN Pakistan is a major environmental and economic concern, growing hastily with the increase in population, mainly due to poor pollution management, public awareness and weak enforcement of environmental policies. Among the major types of the pollution in the country are air, water and solid waste pollutions. Being a developing country with a limited budget, the effects of these pollutants are an aided burden on national health system and economy. Rapid urbanization and industrial growth in the country is also altering the quality of air in major cities, largely due to emissions from power plants, industries and vehicles especially from those having poor efficiency and mechanical condition. Air pollution is costing the Pakistan 1 per cent of total GDP in the form of respiratory health problems and premature deaths. The quality of air is not only associated with health problems, it also has considerable impact on our agriculture, particularly on the yield of wheat which is a key crop of our country, according to a research conducted on three different varieties of wheat crops of Pakistan showed significant reduction in agricultural yield as well as nutrition value of the crop, essentially due to presence of Sox, Nox and O3 in the air. In order to improve the quality of air in urban areas, the most effective solution is tree plantation. On the other hand in rural areas air quality can be improved by locating industries away from agricultural land and by reducing usage of cow dung and wood as a household burning fuel.[caption id="attachment_25416" align="alignright" width="102"] Fahad Ullah[/caption]Water pollution in Pakistan is potent cause to many environmental and health issues.
Oct 27, 2016. Research Centre, Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources, and Global Change Impact. Study Centre, United. This paper critically reviews the scientific studies and reports both at national. been presented to control environmental pollution and to promote awareness among the scientific. University of Sussex provides funding as a member of The Conversation UK. The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members. View the full list More than 50m people in Pakistan are at risk of arsenic poisoning from contaminated groundwater. That’s according to a study recently published in the journal Science Advances, based on samples from 1,200 wells across the country. Arsenic cannot be removed from groundwater through common processes such as boiling or filtration – instead it requires expensive procedures such as reverse osmosis which are beyond the reach of most poor people. Contamination is particularly worrying in this case as Pakistan is unusually dependant on a single, vast underground natural reservoir known as the Indus basin aquifer. The aquifer covers an area of 160,000km² – making it slightly larger than England – and spans Pakistan’s border with India. Arsenic contamination may not even be the most alarming thing about the aquifer, however.
Mar 21, 2016. Article PDF Available with 566 Reads. Cite this publication. the quality of water. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources has launched a national water quality monitoring program. contamination in KPK and higher turbidity values found in water samples found in Sindh. This valuable data. Since their mutual formation in 1947, India and Pakistan have engaged in three major wars and countless other skirmishes and diplomatic rows. With at least 100 nuclear warheads in each other’s arsenals, the prospect of a South Asian atomic holocaust casts a dark shadow over the entire region. However, the most important issue that divides these longtime enemies is not necessarily nuclear arms nor territorial disputes over Kashmir nor a hundred other contentious subjects -- rather, the dominant overriding conflict between India and Pakistan lies with the simplest, but most crucial, necessity of life: water. And with the concurrent factors of rising populations and global climate change, the scarcity of water could make all other problems and disagreements between India and Pakistan seem quite irrelevant. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) released a report earlier this year which declared Pakistan as one of the most “water-stressed” countries in the world, not far from being classified, “water-scarce," with less than 1,000 cubic meters of water per person per year (the same level as parched Ethiopia), down from 5,000 cubic meters in 1947. Due to increased demand and dwindling supplies, Pakistan is drawing too much water from its existing reservoirs, placing the country in grave danger of future shortages. ADB estimated that Pakistan's water storage capacity -- that is, the volume of water it can rely upon in case of an emergency, amounts to a 30-day supply -- far lower than the 1000 days that are suggested for nations with similar climates, The Atlantic noted. (For comparison sake, India’s storage capacity is 120 days.)Chaudhry Abid Sher Ali, Pakistan's state minister for water and power, recently specifically blamed the country's water shortage on neighboring India for having constructed dams and hydropower projects on rivers that flow between the two countries.
Sep 18, 2013. Heavy metal contamination of soil and water caused by industrialization has become a major environmental issue in Pakistan. Therefore, it is important to determine the level of contamination of soil and water close to industrial areas. In the current study, we have assessed the heavy metal contamination of. What is Air Pollution Air Pollution contamination of the atmosphere by gaseous, liquid, or solid wastes that can endanger the health of human beings, plants, and International Refereed Research Pakistan. ABSTRACT Discussion Paper by The Energy and the health impact from air pollution. The focus of the paper is Beirut), Pakistan Research Paper Noise and ambient air pollution monitoring and its Faisalabad is the Manchester of Pakistan and ambient air pollution is one of the major A Review of Transport and Urban Air Pollution in Pakistan in Pakistan. The paper then discusses some implementation issues with the bulk of research focused The amount of air pollution in Pakistans major cities like Lahore and Karachi is 20 times Read this research paper and over 1,500,000 air pollution, The most serious issue of air quality in Pakistan is the presence of excessive Suspended Particulate Matters Microsoft Word - Brief on Air Essay on Pollution in Pakistan water Pollution so complete essay on this topic with removing detail of these. Essay on Pollution in Pakistan Land, Water, Air PLANNED AIR POLLUTION RESEARCH Fiscal Year 2009-2010 September 2009 . i The statements and conclusions in this paper are not necessarily those of Essay on Pollution in Pakistan in Content, Essays, widened but the status is worst inside the streets where with all the air and water pollution, AIR POLLUTION Guy Hutton assessment paper. OVERVIEW OF EXISTING RESEARCH AND AVAILABLE DATA 5 METHODS 6 Air pollutions impacts are both direct and indirect. Air Pollution Discussion Paper by The Energy and the health impact from air pollution.
Jan 8, 2018. River fish are eaten by locals, but "some papers show that in the fishbones, some heavy metal contamination is found," says Sohail Ali Naqvi. In all urban areas, the water table is going down day by day," warns Muhammad Ashraf, chairman of the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources. Environment International, Volume 37, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 479-497 Azizullah Azizullah, Muhammad Nasir Khan Khattak, Peter Richter, Donat-Peter Häder Abstract Water pollution is one of the major threats to public health in Pakistan. Drinking water quality is poorly managed and monitored. Pakistan ranks at number 80 among 122 nations regarding drinking water quality. Drinking water sources, both surface and groundwater are contaminated with coliforms, toxic metals and pesticides throughout the country. Various drinking water quality parameters set by WHO are frequently violated.
Articles. Arsenic and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Drinking Water in Pakistan and Risk Assessment A Case Study. Correlation analysis further revealed that anthropogenic activities were the main sources of contamination, rather than geogenic. This study strongly recommends the treatment of urban and industrial. While major international forums have advocated for safe drinking water, and many developing countries are striving to provide safe drinking water, the quality of drinking water in urban cities, secondary cities and in rural towns of Sindh in the Indus basin is unsafe to drink. Figures of access to safe water in Pakistan and in Sindh are variable. According to the Water Aid’s Pakistan Country Strategy 2010-2015, around 50% of the population has adequate access to drinking water and a mere 15% to sanitation. In December 2015, the federal minister for science and technology said that 82% of Pakistanis consume dirty water. A recent report in said that 40% of water samples collected from different parts of Karachi were not properly chlorinated. According to World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), in 2012, only 36% of Pakistan’s population had access to piped water This has serious implications for the health of the people in Sindh. Environmental degradation costs Pakistan PKR 365 billion (USD 3.5 billion) per year, and these costs fall disproportionately upon the poor. About a third of this cost is the result of expenditure incurred on death and diseases due to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
Research Paper. The Importance of. water pollution is defined as a body of water that is "adversely affected due to the addition of large amounts of materials. 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Pakistan's brown environmental problems include industrial waste water pollution, domestic waste water pollution. Background papers for the World Bank report were contributed by Derek Byerlee, and Pakistani consultants, Laiq Ali, Vaqar Zakaria. Increased energy conservation. Decreased research and extension. ISLAMABAD: Barely 15 days old, Kinza whimpers at an Islamabad hospital where she is suffering from diarrhoea and a blood infection, a tiny victim among thousands afflicted by Pakistan’s severely polluted and decreasing water supplies. Cloaked in a colourful blanket, Kinza moves in slow motion, like a small doll. Her mother, Sartaj, does not understand how her daughter became so ill. Need for formal water policy at national level stressed “Each time I give her the bottle, I boil the water,” she tells. More than two-thirds of households drink bacterially contaminated water and, every year, 53,000 Pakistani children die of diarrhoea after drinking it, says UNICEF. But Sartaj and her family drink daily from a stream in their Islamabad neighbourhood – one of several waterways running through the capital that are choked with filth. Cases of typhoid, cholera, dysentery and hepatitis are rampant. According to the UN and Pakistani authorities, between 30 and 40 per cent of diseases and deaths nationwide are linked to poor water quality. In 2012 the World Bank, which has warned that “substantial investments are needed to improve sanitation”, estimated that water pollution costs Pakistan $5.7 billion, or nearly four per cent of GDP. “Water is the number one problem for the country,” says Professor Javed Akram, vice chancellor at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences in Islamabad. In Lahore, Pakistan’s second largest city, the situation is even worse than in Islamabad.
Dec 18, 2017. Research Article. Open Access. Sanjrani et al. J Pollut Eff Cont 2017, 54. DOI 10.4176/2375-4397.1000207. Review Article. Open Access. Journal of Pollution. 5Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan. Keywords Aqueous As contamination; Drinking water; Sindh;. Punjab; Pakistan. I am going to share some of the research papers that r really very informative. If u read them u will get the valuable information and might be it will help u every day science paper. Farzana Panhwar September 2004 The Author is President of the Sindh Rural Womens Up-lift Group in Hyderabad, Sindh - Pakistan. She also manages the Panhwar Fruit Farm, where some 25 new fruit crops have been successfully introduced to Sindh Introduction Pakistan lies between longitudes of 60-70 East and latitudes 20N and 37N. It is located in the north-western sector of the Indo-Pakistan, sub-continent. On its north it has boundary with from USSR and now Central Asian State and china, West is Afghanistan and Iran. In the South-west is the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf. On north-east and east has Jammu and Kashmir States. The population of Pakistan in the year 2003 was 149.1 millions. Projected population in the year 2025 will be 249.7 millions and by the year 2050 it will be 348.6 million. It cover and area of 307.375 square miles, while contains 485 population per square miles. A) In the year 2000 Pakistan population was 137.8 millions, it increases at the rate of 2.8%.
Dec 31, 2015. How to cite this paper Jabeen, A. Huang, X. S. and Aamir, M. 2015 The Challenges of Water Pollution, Threat to Public. Health, Flaws of Water Laws and Policies in Pakistan. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 1516-1526. The Challenges of Water. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Pakistan's coastline, which stretches over 1,046 km, is facing severe pollution due to a combination of industrial, port, municipal, and transportation activities in the area. The coastline is being overwhelmed with water-borne pollution being discharged in the shipping process into the marine environment. A recent study found that some of the marine life was contaminated with lead, which if consumed by humans through seafood, has been linked to anemia, kidney failure and brain damage. In fact, the study also discovered that even the mangrove forests protecting the feeder creeks from sea erosion as well as a source of sustenance for fishermen are threatened by this pollution. The Air pollution is the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere.
Mar 23, 2015. The water pollution in Pakistan and especially in the major cities like Faisalabad is very high which has a variety of effects on economy, ecology and human health. Cost of pollution is very high because of environmental protection measures and improvement present study was undertaken to. Space movies regularly dispatch characters through an explosively decompressed airlock. But how likely is such a rapid ejection, taking into account the victim's location in the airlock and its volume? Assuming they are wearing a space suit, what is the best way to avoid expulsion, apart from grabbing something solid? We sweat to cool our bodies by evaporation, but when we wipe the sweat away – a natural reaction in humans – are we defeating that function and making ourselves hotter? Do we also hasten dehydration by making our bodies sweat more, to replace what we've wiped away? In other words, should we just leave the sweat to do its job? Some restaurants celebrate customers’ special occasions by planting burning sparklers onto food, showering it with sparks. Sparklers typically contain an oxidising agent such as potassium nitrate, which yields nitrite as a combustion product.
Sep 3, 2014. This study reviews the heavy metal contamination in several areas of Pakistan over the past few years, particularly to assess the heavy metal contamination in water ground water, surface water, and waste water, soil, sediments, particulate matter, and vegetables. The listed contaminations affect the. Although you may be limited by specific classroom or work related guidelines, choosing your topic is the first and most important step in your research paper project. Regardless of whether your topic can be anything you want or has rigid requirements, it is important to keep a few questions in mind: Is there enough research available on this topic? Is the topic new and unique enough that I can offer fresh opinions? Most research papers fall into one of three categories: analytical, expository, or argumentative. If you’re presenting an analysis of information, then your paper is analytical. If you’re writing to explain information, then your paper is expository. If you’re arguing a conclusion, then it’s argumentative or persuasive. Your thesis statement should match the type of paper you’re writing. Any information that doesn’t fit within the framework of your outline, and doesn’t directly support your thesis statement, no matter how interesting, doesn’t belong in your research paper.